Allergic Reactions – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments, And Preventions

Allergic Reactions – Causes, Symptoms, Treatments, And Preventions

Human immunity plays a key role in preventing reactions and diseases and your immune system is what’s responsible for defending the body against bacteria and viruses. It is up to you how you maintain your immunity so that your immune system is capable enough to help you.

But in some people, even the immune system does not protect them from certain substances. These substances are known as allergens and if they enter their body, the body reacts to them in certain ways and that is what’s called an allergic reaction.

What Causes An Allergic Reaction?

Some people get allergies as an inheritance and others develop it later in life. Everyone doesn’t need to have allergies. Some people are free from any allergy. Here are a few common things that cause allergy.

  • Pet dander
  • Pollen or molds
  • Specific plants
  • Certain foods like peanuts, tomatoes, shellfish, etc.
  • Some medications like penicillin or aspirin.

Symptoms Of An Allergic Reaction

There are various symptoms of an allergic reaction. It’s not that difficult to know if you are allergic to something or not. Here are few most noted symptoms of allergic reactions.

  • Hives (red, itchy spots)
  • Itching
  • Rash
  • Watery eyes
  • Abdominal pain
  • Pain or tightness of the chest
  • Diarrhea
  • Vertigo (dizziness)
  • Anxiety
  • Nausea and/or vomiting
  • Difficulty breathing

Treatment For Allergic Reactions

If you experience an allergic reaction in the future and don’t know what to exactly do, seek proper professional help from a doctor, especially when you don’t know what is the cause of your allergy. But still, there are few emergency measures that you can take until you seek professional help.

Over The Counter Medications

It is never a bad idea to keep some over the counter medications for emergencies. Antihistamines and skin allergy creams are always life saving and have multipurpose uses. Medications like diphenhydramine also know Benadryl is an oral medication and clobetasol propionate cream 0.05 can be used for many skin conditions like allergies, eczema, and psoriasis.

Emergency Medications

If you already know what your allergy is, you might also have been prescribed some medications for it. Medication like epinephrine auto-injector (EpiPen) which is a “rescue drug” as it opens the airway and raises blood pressure.

But sometimes people get dizzy while drug insulation. What will you do then? You should simply lay them flat on their back, elevate their legs and cover them with a blanket. This will help them relax and prevent shock.


  1. Avoid allergen exposure.
  2. Seek immediate medical help if exposed to the allergen.
  3. Carry medications when the allergy is known.

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